What is NCIRP?

The National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) is a comprehensive strategy that outlines how the United States government and its partners respond to significant cyber incidents. The NCIRP was developed by the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) and is designed to provide a coordinated approach to cybersecurity incident response.

The plan addresses the roles and responsibilities of the federal government, state and local governments, and the private sector in responding to cyber incidents, and how these stakeholders work together to provide an integrated response.

Understanding NCIRP is important because it provides a framework for the nation to plan, prepare for, and respond to cyber incidents. The plan establishes an architecture for coordinating the broader community response during a significant cyber incident in accordance with U.S. law and policy. It outlines the legal framework, national preparedness and security, stakeholder involvement, mitigation and investigation, and information sharing and confidentiality that are necessary to respond to a cyber incident.

The NCIRP also incorporates Presidential Policy Directives (PPDs) that define the federal government’s approach to national security and homeland security matters. PPD-41, which is integrated into NCIRP, outlines the federal government’s policy on cyber incident coordination. The plan also provides guidance on cyber incident reporting and response, including the roles and responsibilities of various entities involved in the process.

Key Takeaways

  • The NCIRP is a comprehensive strategy that outlines how the United States government and its partners respond to significant cyber incidents.
  • The plan addresses the roles and responsibilities of the federal government, state and local governments, and the private sector in responding to cyber incidents, and how these stakeholders work together to provide an integrated response.
  • The NCIRP incorporates Presidential Policy Directives (PPDs) that define the federal government’s approach to national security and homeland security matters.

Understanding NCIRP

The National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) is a comprehensive guide that outlines the roles and responsibilities of federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, and private sector entities in responding to cyber incidents. The NCIRP provides a national approach to dealing with cyber incidents and addresses the important role played by multiple federal agencies, the private sector, and state and local governments in responding to incidents.

The NCIRP is designed to help organizations prepare for, detect, respond to, and recover from cyber incidents. It outlines the key actions that should be taken during each phase of the incident response process, including preparation, detection and analysis, containment, eradication, and recovery.

The NCIRP provides a common language and framework for incident response, ensuring that all stakeholders are working together towards a common goal. It also helps to ensure that the response to cyber incidents is coordinated and effective, reducing the impact of cyber incidents on critical infrastructure, the economy, and national security.

The NCIRP is a living document that is regularly updated to reflect changes in the threat landscape and the evolving needs of the cybersecurity community. The latest revision of the NCIRP was released in 2021, and it provides updated guidance on incident response planning, threat intelligence sharing, and coordination between federal agencies and the private sector.

The NCIRP is an essential resource for organizations of all sizes and sectors that want to improve their cybersecurity posture and be better prepared to respond to cyber incidents. By following the guidance provided in the NCIRP, organizations can minimize the impact of cyber incidents and protect their critical assets and infrastructure.

Roles and Responsibilities

The National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) outlines the roles and responsibilities of various entities in responding to cyber incidents. These entities include Federal Agencies, State and Local Governments, and the Private Sector.

Federal Agencies

The NCIRP identifies several Federal Agencies that play a critical role in responding to cyber incidents. These agencies include the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Justice (DOJ), and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI).

The DHS is responsible for coordinating the Federal Government’s response to significant cyber incidents. The DOJ is responsible for investigating and prosecuting cyber crimes. The ODNI is responsible for providing intelligence support to the Federal Government’s response to cyber incidents.

State and Local Governments

State and Local Governments also play a critical role in responding to cyber incidents. The NCIRP emphasizes the importance of collaboration between the Federal Government and State and Local Governments in responding to cyber incidents.

State and Local Governments are responsible for identifying and reporting cyber incidents to the appropriate Federal Agencies. They are also responsible for coordinating with the Federal Government in responding to cyber incidents that affect their jurisdictions.

Private Sector

The Private Sector is a key partner in responding to cyber incidents. The NCIRP recognizes the important role that Private Sector entities play in protecting the Nation’s critical infrastructure.

Private Sector entities are responsible for implementing cybersecurity measures to protect their networks and systems. They are also responsible for reporting cyber incidents to the appropriate authorities and cooperating with the Federal Government in responding to cyber incidents.

The NCIRP outlines the roles and responsibilities of various entities in responding to cyber incidents. By working together, these entities can effectively respond to cyber incidents and protect the Nation’s critical infrastructure.

Presidential Policy Directives

The National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) is a result of Presidential Policy Directive (PPD) 41 on U.S. Cyber Incident Coordination. PPDs are directives issued by the President of the United States that guide the actions of federal agencies and departments. PPD-41 specifically addresses the coordination of the federal government’s response to significant cyber incidents.

PPD-41 identifies the roles and responsibilities of various federal agencies, including the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Department of Justice (DOJ). It also outlines the framework for coordinating with state and local governments, the private sector, and international partners.

The NCIRP was developed in accordance with PPD-41 and reflects lessons learned from exercises and cyber incidents, as well as policy and statutory updates, such as the National Cybersecurity Protection Act of 2014. The NCIRP provides a strategic framework for how the nation plans, prepares for, and responds to cyber incidents.

Under PPD-41, the DHS has been designated as the lead federal agency for coordinating the response to significant cyber incidents. The FBI and the DOJ are responsible for investigating and prosecuting cyber crimes, while the Department of Defense (DoD) provides support to the DHS and other federal agencies.

PPD-41 and the NCIRP provide a comprehensive approach to cyber incident response, emphasizing the importance of collaboration and coordination between federal agencies, state and local governments, the private sector, and international partners.

Cyber Incident Reporting and Response

The National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) emphasizes the importance of cyber incident reporting and response. It provides a unified approach to handling significant cyber incidents, taking into account the role of various stakeholders, including the private sector, state and local governments, and multiple federal agencies.

The NCIRP recognizes that timely and accurate reporting of cyber incidents is critical to effective response. It encourages organizations to establish clear lines of communication and reporting procedures to ensure that incidents are identified and reported promptly.

Asset response is a critical component of the NCIRP. It involves identifying and prioritizing critical assets and systems, and taking steps to protect and recover them in the event of an incident. The NCIRP recommends that organizations establish asset response plans that outline procedures for identifying and responding to incidents that affect critical assets.

Threat response is another key element of the NCIRP. It involves identifying and mitigating threats to an organization’s systems and data. The NCIRP recommends that organizations establish threat response plans that outline procedures for identifying and responding to threats in a timely and effective manner.

Situational awareness is also critical to effective cyber incident response. It involves monitoring and analyzing the cyber threat landscape to identify emerging threats and vulnerabilities. The NCIRP recommends that organizations establish situational awareness programs that include regular threat assessments and vulnerability scans.

The NCIRP provides a comprehensive framework for cyber incident reporting and response. By following its guidelines, organizations can establish effective incident response plans that enable them to quickly and effectively respond to cyber incidents, protect critical assets, and mitigate threats.

Legal Framework

The National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) was developed in accordance with Presidential Policy Directive (PPD) 41 on U.S. Cyber Incident Coordination. The NCIRP sets the strategic framework for how the nation plans, prepares for, and responds to cyber incidents by establishing an architecture for coordinating the broader community response during a significant cyber incident in accordance with U.S. law and policy. A list of authorities is found in Annex A: Authorities and Statutes.

The Cybersecurity Protection Act of 2014 and the National Cybersecurity Protection Act are two important pieces of legislation that provide the legal framework for the NCIRP. The Cybersecurity Protection Act of 2014 was enacted to improve the cybersecurity of the federal government and critical infrastructure by requiring the development of a national cybersecurity strategy and the establishment of a framework for sharing cybersecurity threat information between the government and the private sector.

The National Cybersecurity Protection Act, signed into law in December 2018, builds on the Cybersecurity Protection Act of 2014 by establishing the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) within the Department of Homeland Security. CISA is responsible for protecting the nation’s critical infrastructure from physical and cyber threats and for coordinating the federal government’s response to cyber incidents.

The NCIRP is designed to be used by the nation as well as enhance our international partners’ understanding of the U.S. cyber incident coordination framework. It sets common doctrine and a strategic framework for national, sector, and individual organization cyber operational plans. The NCIRP describes a national approach to cyber incidents, delineating the important role that private sector entities, state and local governments, and multiple federal agencies play in responding to incidents and how those activities all fit together.

National Preparedness and Security

The National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) is a critical component of the United States’ national security interests. It is designed to provide a national approach to dealing with cyber incidents, emphasizing the important role played by private sector entities, state and local governments, and multiple federal agencies in responding to incidents and how those activities all fit together.

The NCIRP leverages doctrine from the National Preparedness System to articulate how the Nation responds to and recovers from cyber incidents. The National Preparedness System is a comprehensive framework to help prepare the country for all types of disasters, including cyber incidents.

The NCIRP is implemented by the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), which is responsible for protecting the Nation’s critical infrastructure from physical and cyber threats. CISA operates the National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center (NCCIC), which serves as the Nation’s flagship cyber defense, incident response, and operational integration center.

CISA also coordinates with the National Cyber Investigative Joint Task Force (NCIJTF), a multi-agency task force that coordinates cyber investigations and operations across the federal government.

The NCIRP is a crucial tool for protecting the Nation’s critical infrastructure sectors, including energy, transportation, and financial services. It provides a framework for identifying and responding to cyber threats, and for coordinating the efforts of all relevant stakeholders in the event of a cyber incident.

The NCIRP is an essential component of the Nation’s cyber defense and critical infrastructure protection efforts, and it plays a critical role in ensuring the security and resilience of the Nation’s infrastructure and economy.

Stakeholder Involvement

The National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) recognizes the critical role of stakeholders in responding to cyber incidents. The plan involves a coordinated approach that brings together the private sector, state and local governments, and multiple federal agencies to respond to incidents.

The NCIRP serves as the primary strategic framework for stakeholders to understand how federal departments and agencies and other national-level partners provide resources to support response operations.

The NCIRP describes the various roles and responsibilities of the Federal Government, the private sector, and SLTT (state, local, tribal, and territorial) governments in managing the effects of significant cyber incidents. It delineates how stakeholders will organize their activities to respond to cyber incidents and how they will work together to manage the effects of such incidents.

The plan aims to ensure that stakeholders are aware of their roles and responsibilities in responding to cyber incidents and that they have the necessary resources to carry out their tasks effectively. The NCIRP recognizes that effective incident response requires the involvement of all stakeholders and that the success of the response effort depends on the collaboration and coordination among stakeholders.

The involvement of stakeholders is critical to the success of the NCIRP. The plan recognizes that the private sector plays a vital role in cybersecurity and that its involvement is essential to the success of the response effort. The involvement of state and local governments is also critical, as they are often the first to respond to cyber incidents, and their actions can have a significant impact on the overall response effort.

The NCIRP recognizes that the involvement of international stakeholders is also critical, as cyber incidents can have global implications. The plan aims to promote international cooperation and collaboration to enhance the resilience of the United States and its partners against cyber threats.

Effective incident response requires the involvement of all stakeholders, and the success of the response effort depends on the collaboration and coordination among stakeholders.

Mitigation and Investigation

The National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) emphasizes the importance of mitigating and investigating cyber incidents. Mitigation refers to the actions taken to reduce or eliminate the impact of a cyber incident, while investigation refers to the process of identifying the cause and scope of a cyber incident.

Lessons learned from previous cyber incidents are used to develop mitigation strategies. The NCIRP encourages the sharing of information between private sector entities, state and local governments, and multiple federal agencies to improve the effectiveness of mitigation efforts. Capabilities, such as the ability to quickly detect and respond to cyber incidents, are also important for effective mitigation.

Exercises are conducted to test these capabilities and identify areas for improvement. The NCIRP recommends that exercises be conducted regularly and involve all relevant stakeholders. Significant cyber incidents are also used to identify vulnerabilities and improve mitigation strategies.

Investigative activity is essential for identifying the cause and scope of a cyber incident. The NCIRP recommends that investigative activity be conducted in a systematic and comprehensive manner, following established procedures and protocols. Cyber threat intelligence integration center is used to provide timely and relevant information to support investigative activity.

Mitigation and investigation are critical components of the NCIRP. The NCIRP emphasizes the importance of sharing information, developing capabilities, conducting exercises, identifying vulnerabilities, and conducting investigative activity to improve the effectiveness of mitigation and investigation efforts.

Information Sharing and Confidentiality

As the National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) continues to evolve, one of the critical components that organizations must consider is information sharing. The sharing of information is essential to furthering cybersecurity for the nation.

Isolating cyber attacks and preventing them in the future requires the coordination of many groups and organizations. By rapidly sharing critical information about attacks and vulnerabilities, the scope and magnitude of cyber events can be greatly decreased.

CISA Central serves as the primary point of contact for information sharing and intelligence support during a cyber incident. They provide resources to support organizations in their incident response efforts, including real-time analysis of the cyber threat landscape, situational awareness products, and intelligence briefings.

However, in the process of information sharing, it is also essential to maintain confidentiality and protect sensitive information. CISA Central has established protocols for handling sensitive information, including procedures to ensure that classified information is not disclosed to unauthorized individuals.

Clarity and accuracy are also crucial in information sharing. Organizations must ensure that they provide clear and concise information to CISA Central to enable effective decision-making. Additionally, they must be transparent about their incident response efforts and provide timely updates to CISA Central.

In real-world incidents, information sharing has proven to be critical in mitigating the impact of cyber attacks. For example, during the SolarWinds supply chain attack, information sharing among government agencies, private sector organizations, and international partners played a vital role in identifying and mitigating the attack’s impact.

Overall, information sharing is a critical component of the NCIRP, and organizations must ensure that they have established protocols for sharing information while maintaining confidentiality and protecting sensitive information.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the National Cyber Response Coordination Group?

The National Cyber Response Coordination Group (NCRCG) is a group of federal agencies that work together to coordinate the nation’s response to significant cyber incidents. The group includes representatives from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Department of Defense (DoD), and other federal agencies. The NCRCG is responsible for implementing the National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) and coordinating the federal government’s response to cyber incidents.

What is the CISA national cyber incident scoring system?

The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) National Cyber Incident Scoring System (NCISS) is a tool used to evaluate the severity of a cyber incident. The system uses a scoring system to assess the impact of an incident on an organization, including the potential for damage to critical infrastructure, loss of sensitive data, and disruption of operations. The NCISS helps organizations prioritize their response efforts and allocate resources to mitigate the impact of an incident.

What is the information security incident response plan?

The Information Security Incident Response Plan (ISIRP) is a document that outlines an organization’s procedures for responding to information security incidents. The plan includes steps for identifying and containing an incident, assessing the damage, and restoring systems to normal operations. The ISIRP also includes procedures for reporting incidents to appropriate authorities and for communicating with stakeholders.

What are some examples of cyber incidents?

Cyber incidents can take many forms, including data breaches, ransomware attacks, denial of service attacks, and phishing attacks. In a data breach, an attacker gains unauthorized access to sensitive information, such as personal data or financial information. In a ransomware attack, an attacker encrypts an organization’s data and demands payment in exchange for the decryption key. In a denial of service attack, an attacker floods a network or website with traffic, causing it to become unavailable.

What is the NCIRP DHS?

The National Cyber Incident Response Plan (NCIRP) is a document that outlines the federal government’s approach to responding to significant cyber incidents. The plan is managed by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and includes procedures for coordinating the response efforts of federal agencies, state and local governments, and the private sector. The NCIRP is designed to help ensure a coordinated and effective response to cyber incidents that could have a significant impact on the nation’s critical infrastructure and economy.