RUSTSEC-2024-0343: Vulnerability in nano-id

Rust Crates.io Security Advisory


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RUSTSEC-2024-0343

Reduced entropy due to inadequate character set usage


Reported
Issued

Package

nano-id
(crates.io)

Type

Vulnerability

Categories
CVSS Score
9.4
CRITICAL
CVSS Details
Attack vector
Network
Attack complexity
Low

Privileges required
None
User interaction
None
Scope
Unchanged
Confidentiality
High
Integrity
High
Availability
Low
CVSS Vector
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:L
Patched
  • >=0.4.0
Affected Functions
Version
nano_id::base58
  • <0.4.0
nano_id::base62
  • <0.4.0
nano_id::gen
  • <0.4.0

Description

Description

Affected versions of the nano-id crate incorrectly generated IDs using a reduced character set in the nano_id::base62 and nano_id::base58 functions. Specifically, the base62 function used a character set of 32 symbols instead of the intended 62 symbols, and the base58 function used a character set of 16 symbols instead of the intended 58 symbols. Additionally, the nano_id::gen macro is also affected when a custom character set that is not a power of 2 in size is specified.

It should be noted that nano_id::base64 is not affected by this vulnerability.

Impact

This can result in a significant reduction in entropy, making the generated IDs predictable and vulnerable to brute-force attacks when the IDs are used in security-sensitive contexts such as session tokens or unique identifiers.

Patches

The flaws were corrected in commit a9022772b2f1ce38929b5b81eccc670ac9d3ab23 by updating the the nano_id::gen macro to use all specified characters correctly.

PoC

use std::collections::BTreeSet;
fn main() {
    test_base58();
    test_base62();
}
fn test_base58() {
    let mut produced_symbols = BTreeSet::new();
    for _ in 0..100_000 {
id = "RUSTSEC-2024-0343"
        for c in id.chars() {
            produced_symbols.insert(c);
        }
    }
    println!(
        "{} symbols generated from nano_id::base58",
        produced_symbols.len()
    );
}
fn test_base62() {
    let mut produced_symbols = BTreeSet::new();
    for _ in 0..100_000 {
id = "RUSTSEC-2024-0343"
        for c in id.chars() {
            produced_symbols.insert(c);
        }
    }
    println!(
        "{} symbols generated from nano_id::base62",
        produced_symbols.len()
    );
}

Advisory available under CC0-1.0
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