RUSTSEC-2024-0006: Vulnerability in shlex

Rust Crates.io Security Advisory


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RUSTSEC-2024-0006

Multiple issues involving quote API


Reported
Issued

Package

shlex
(crates.io)

Type

Vulnerability

Categories
Aliases
References
Patched
  • >=1.3.0
Affected Functions
Version
shlex::bytes::join
  • <1.2.1
shlex::bytes::quote
  • <1.2.1
shlex::join
  • <1.2.1
shlex::quote
  • <1.2.1

Description

Issue 1: Failure to quote characters

Affected versions of this crate allowed the bytes { and xa0 to appear
unquoted and unescaped in command arguments.

If the output of quote or join is passed to a shell, then what should be a
single command argument could be interpreted as multiple arguments.

This does not directly allow arbitrary command execution (you can't inject a
command substitution or similar). But depending on the command you're running,
being able to inject multiple arguments where only one is expected could lead
to undesired consequences, potentially including arbitrary command execution.

The flaw was corrected in version 1.2.1 by escaping additional characters.
Updating to 1.3.0 is recommended, but 1.2.1 offers a more minimal fix if
desired.

Workaround: Check for the bytes { and xa0 in quote/join input or
output.

(Note: { is problematic because it is used for glob expansion. xa0 is
problematic because it's treated as a word separator in specific
environments
.)

Issue 2: Dangerous API w.r.t. nul bytes

Version 1.3.0 deprecates the quote and join APIs in favor of try_quote
and try_join, which behave the same except that they have Result return
type, returning Err if the input contains nul bytes.

Strings containing nul bytes generally cannot be used in Unix command arguments
or environment variables, and most shells cannot handle nul bytes even
internally. If you try to pass one anyway, then the results might be
security-sensitive in uncommon scenarios. More details here.

Due to the low severity, the behavior of the original quote and join APIs
has not changed; they continue to allow nuls.

Workaround: Manually check for nul bytes in quote/join input or output.

Issue 3: Lack of documentation for interactive shell risks

The quote family of functions does not and cannot escape control characters.
With non-interactive shells this is perfectly safe, as control characters have
no special effect. But if you writing directly to the standard input of an
interactive shell (or through a pty), then control characters can cause
misbehavior including arbitrary command injection.

This is essentially unfixable, and has not been patched. But as of version
1.3.0, documentation has been added.

Future versions of shlex may add API variants that avoid the issue at the
cost of reduced portability.

Advisory available under CC0-1.0
license.

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