Rockwell Automation PowerFlex 527

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v4 8.7
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Rockwell Automation
  • Equipment: PowerFlex 527
  • Vulnerabilities: Improper Input Validation, Uncontrolled Resource Consumption

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this these vulnerabilities could crash the device and require a manual restart to recover.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Rockwell Automation reports that the following versions of PowerFlex 527 adjustable frequency AC drives are affected:

  • PowerFlex 527: Versions v2.001.x and later

3.2 Vulnerability Overview

3.2.1 Improper Input Validation CWE-120

A denial-of-service vulnerability exists in the PowerFlex 527 due to improper input validation in the device. If exploited, the web server will crash and need a manual restart to recover it.

CVE-2024-2425 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-2425. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.2 Improper Input Validation CWE-120

A denial-of-service vulnerability exists in the PowerFlex 527 due to improper input validation in the device. If exploited, a disruption in the CIP communication will occur and a manual restart will be required by the user to recover it.

CVE-2024-2426 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-2426. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.3 Uncontrolled Resource Consumption CWE-400

A denial-of-service vulnerability exists in the PowerFlex 527 due to improper traffic throttling in the device. If multiple data packets are sent to the device repeatedly the device will crash and require a manual restart to recover.

CVE-2024-2427 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-2427. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States

3.4 RESEARCHER

Rockwell Automation reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Rockwell Automation does not currently have a fix for these vulnerabilities. Users of the affected software are encouraged to apply risk mitigations and security best practices, where possible.

  • Implement network segmentation confirming the device is on an isolated network.
  • Disable the web server, if not needed. The web server is disabled by default. Disabling this feature is available in v2.001.x and later.
  • Security Best Practices

For more information, visit Rockwell Automation’s security advisory page.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this these vulnerabilities. CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY

  • March 26, 2024: Initial Publication

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