CVE-2024-32970 (phlex): Phlex vulnerable to Cross-site Scripting (XSS) via maliciously formed HTML attribute names and values

Ruby Security Advisory

There is a potential cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability that
can be exploited via maliciously crafted user data.

The reason these issues were not detected before is the escapes were
working as designed. However, their design didn’t take into account
just how recklessly permissive browser are when it comes to executing
unsafe JavaScript via HTML attributes.

### Impact

If you render an `` tag with an `href` attribute set to an
user-provided link, that link could potentially execute JavaScript
when clicked by another user.

“`ruby
a(href: user_profile) { “Profile” }
“`

If you splat user-provided attributes when rendering any HTML or SVG
tag, malicious event attributes could be included in the output,
executing JavaScript when the events are triggered by another user.

“`ruby
h1(**JSON.parse(user_attributes))
“`

### Patches

Patches are [available on RubyGems](https://rubygems.org/gems/phlex)
for all minor versions released in the last year.

– [1.10.2](https://rubygems.org/gems/phlex/versions/1.10.2)
– [1.9.3](https://rubygems.org/gems/phlex/versions/1.9.3)

If you are on `main`, it has been patched since
[`da8f943`](https://github.com/phlex-ruby/phlex/commit/da8f94342a84cff9d78c98bcc3b3604ee2e577d2)

### Workarounds

Configuring a [Content Security Policy](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Headers/Content-Security-Policy)
that does not allow [`unsafe-inline`](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Headers/Content-Security-Policy#unsafe-inline)
would effectively prevent this vulnerability from being exploited.

### References

In addition to upgrading to a patched version of Phlex, we strongly
recommend configuring a Content Security Policy header that does
not allow `unsafe-inline`. Here’s how you can configure a Content
Security Policy header in Rails.
https://guides.rubyonrails.org/security.html#content-security-policy-header

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