[CVE-2023-45379] Improper neutralization of SQL parameter in Posthemes Rotator Img module for PrestaShop

PrestaShop Security Advisory

In the module “Rotator Img” (posrotatorimg) in versions at least up to 1.1 from PosThemes for PrestaShop, a guest can perform SQL injection in affected versions.


  • CVE ID: CVE-2023-45379
  • Published at: 2023-10-17
  • Advisory source: Friends-Of-Presta.org
  • Platform: PrestaShop
  • Product: posrotatorimg
  • Impacted release: <= 1.1 (Author never confirm fix)
  • Product author: PosThemes
  • Weakness: CWE-89
  • Severity: critical (9.8)


The script ajax.php has sensitive SQL calls that can be executed with a trivial http call and exploited to forge a SQL injection.

WARNING : This exploit is actively used to deploy a webskimmer to massively steal credit cards.

CVSS base metrics

  • Attack vector: network
  • Attack complexity: low
  • Privilege required: low
  • User interaction: none
  • Scope: unchanged
  • Confidentiality: high
  • Integrity: high
  • Availability: high

Vector string: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Possible malicious usage

  • Obtain admin access
  • Remove data from the associated PrestaShop
  • Copy/paste data from sensitive tables to FRONT to expose tokens and unlock admins’s ajax scripts
  • Rewrite SMTP settings to hijack emails

Patch from 1.1

--- 1.1/modules/posrotatorimg/ajax.php
+++ XXX/modules/posrotatorimg/ajax.php
        $params = $_POST; 
-       $id_product = $params['id_product'];
+       $id_product = (int) $params['id_product'];
        $action = $params['action'];
        $images= Image::getImages((int)Context::getContext()->language->id,$id_product);
-       $id = $params['img_id']; 
+       $id = (int) $params['img_id']; 

Be warn that there is other sensitives SQL calls inside this module accessible to administrators. Since there is thousand of injection SQL accessible to administrators on the PrestaShop’s ecosystem, these vulnerabilities are ignored until author provide a patch.

Other recommendations

  • It’s recommended to apply patch given or delete the module (NB : disabled it is useless)
  • Upgrade PrestaShop to the latest version to disable multiquery executions (separated by “;”) – be warned that this functionality WILL NOT protect your SHOP against injection SQL which uses the UNION clause to steal data.
  • Change the default database prefix ps_ with a new longer, arbitrary prefix. Nevertheless, be warned that this is useless against blackhats with DBA senior skill because of a design vulnerability in DBMS
  • Activate OWASP 942’s rules on your WAF (Web application firewall), be warned that you will probably break your backoffice and you will need to pre-configure some bypasses against this set of rules.


2023-04-28Issue discovered during a code review by TouchWeb.fr
2023-04-28Contact Author to confirm versions scope
2023-04-28Request a CVE ID
2023-06-05Relaunch author to confirm versions scope
2023-10-11Received CVE ID
2023-10-17Publish this security advisory